Head & Neck Pain

 

Migraines & Headaches

Migraines and headaches are two distinct types of head pain, each with its own characteristics. Migraines are a neurological condition characterized by recurrent, moderate to severe headaches typically felt as a throbbing or pulsating pain on one side of the head. They’re often accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, sound, or smells, and visual disturbances known as auras. Migraines can last for hours to days and are often disabling, interfering with daily activities. On the other hand, headaches encompass a broader range of head pain that can vary in intensity, duration, and location. They may stem from tension, dehydration, sinus issues, or underlying medical conditions. Headaches can range from mild discomfort to debilitating pain and may or may not be accompanied by additional symptoms. Treatment for migraines and headaches often involves physical therapy, chiropractic, pain management techniques and potentially lifestyle changes. Understanding the differences between migraines and headaches is crucial for proper diagnosis and effective management strategies.

Concussion

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury typically caused by a sudden blow to the head or body, or a forceful shaking of the head. It results in a disruption of normal brain function, often without visible signs of injury on imaging tests like CT scans or MRIs. Common symptoms of concussion include headache, confusion, dizziness, nausea, sensitivity to light or noise, and difficulty concentrating or remembering. While most concussions resolve on their own with rest and symptom management, repeated concussions can lead to long-term cognitive and neurological problems. Therefore, it’s crucial to seek medical attention after a head injury, and individuals who have experienced a concussion should follow appropriate protocols for gradual return to activity to prevent further injury.

Whiplash

Whiplash is a type of neck injury typically caused by a sudden, forceful movement of the head backward, forward, or sideways. This rapid motion stretches and strains the muscles and ligaments of the neck beyond their normal range of motion, leading to pain and stiffness. Whiplash commonly occurs in car accidents, particularly in rear-end collisions, but can also result from sports injuries, falls, or physical assaults. Symptoms may include neck pain and stiffness, headaches, shoulder pain, dizziness, difficulty concentrating, and in some cases, tingling or numbness in the arms. Treatment often involves rest, pain management, physical therapy, chiropractic, and exercises to improve neck strength and flexibility.

PINCHED NERVE

A cervical pinched nerve, also known as cervical radiculopathy, occurs when a nerve in the neck becomes compressed or irritated, usually due to surrounding structures such as bones, discs, or muscles. This compression can lead to pain, weakness, or numbness that radiates from the neck down into the shoulder, arm, and sometimes the hand. Common causes include herniated discs, bone spurs, or degenerative changes in the spine. Symptoms can vary from mild discomfort to severe pain and may be exacerbated by certain movements or positions. Treatment often involves rest, pain medication, physical therapy, chiropractic and in some cases, injections or surgery to relieve pressure on the affected nerve. Early diagnosis and intervention are key to managing symptoms and preventing long-term complications.

STRAINS & SPRAINS

Cervical sprains and strains refer to injuries affecting the muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the neck region. Sprains occur when ligaments are stretched or torn, while strains involve muscles or tendons. These injuries often result from sudden movements, such as whiplash in car accidents, or from repetitive motions, such as poor posture or overuse during sports or work activities. Symptoms typically include pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion in the neck, along with tenderness and swelling. In more severe cases, there may be muscle spasms or difficulty with daily activities. Treatment usually involves rest, ice or heat therapy, physical therapy exercises and chiropractic to promote healing and restore function. In some instances, supportive devices like neck braces or cervical collars may be recommended to provide additional support during recovery.

TMJ treatment Omaha and Papillion Nebraska

TMJ Pain

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ dysfunction) refers to a range of conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint, which connects the jawbone to the skull. It commonly presents with pain and discomfort in the jaw joint and surrounding muscles, leading to difficulties with chewing, speaking, and even yawning. Causes of TMJ dysfunction include jaw misalignment, teeth grinding (bruxism), trauma to the jaw, arthritis, or stress-induced muscle tension. Symptoms may also include clicking or popping sounds when moving the jaw, limited range of motion, headaches, earaches, and facial swelling. Treatment often involves conservative measures such as lifestyle changes, jaw exercises, physical therapy, chiropractic, pain management techniques, and oral appliances to realign the jaw. In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to correct underlying structural issues. Early diagnosis and appropriate management are crucial for alleviating symptoms and improving quality of life for individuals with TMJ dysfunction.

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