LOWER back & Pelvis Pain

 

HERNIATED DISC

Herniated discs, also known as slipped or ruptured discs, occur when the soft inner core of a spinal disc protrudes through the tougher outer layer. This condition often results from age-related wear and tear or sudden injury to the spine. When a herniated disc presses on nearby nerves, it can cause pain, numbness, or weakness in the affected area. The symptoms can vary depending on the location and severity of the herniation but commonly include sharp or shooting pain that radiates down the arms or legs, tingling sensations, and muscle weakness. While many herniated discs improve with rest, pain management, physical therapy, chiropractic, and spinal decompression, severe cases may require surgical intervention to relieve pressure on the affected nerves and restore spinal stability. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial to prevent further complications and improve long-term outcomes for individuals with herniated discs.

SCIATICA

Sciatica refers to pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back down through the buttocks and into each leg. It is typically caused by compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, often due to a herniated disc, bone spur, or narrowing of the spinal canal (spinal stenosis). The pain associated with sciatica can vary widely, from a mild ache to sharp, shooting pain that worsens with movement or prolonged sitting. Other symptoms may include tingling, numbness, or weakness in the affected leg or foot. Sciatica can significantly impair mobility and quality of life, but most cases can be managed with conservative treatments such as rest, pain medication, physical therapy to improve flexibility and strengthen the back and core muscles and chiropractic. In severe cases or when conservative measures fail to provide relief, surgery may be considered to address the underlying cause of nerve compression. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are key to alleviating symptoms and preventing long-term complications associated with sciatica.

STRAINS & SPRAINS

Lumbar sprains and strains refer to injuries affecting the muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the lower back region. Sprains occur when ligaments are stretched or torn, while strains involve muscles or tendons. These injuries often result from sudden movements, heavy lifting, or poor posture, leading to overstretching or tearing of the soft tissues. Symptoms typically include localized pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion in the lower back, along with tenderness and swelling. In more severe cases, there may be muscle spasms or difficulty with daily activities. Treatment usually involves rest, ice or heat therapy, over-the-counter pain medications, physical therapy exercises and chiropractic to promote healing and restore function. Supportive devices like lumbar braces or belts may be recommended to provide additional support during recovery. In some instances, pain injections or surgery may be considered for persistent or severe cases. Early diagnosis and appropriate management are essential for reducing pain and preventing long-term complications associated with lumbar sprains and strains.

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